… My heart’s in Accra Ethan Zuckerman’s online home, since 2003

November 23, 2007

People change. Principles don’t.

Filed under: Blogs and bloggers,Human Rights — Ethan @ 3:33 pm

People change.

This is one of the most interesting things about reading blogs over a long period of time. You can watch people’s interests, opinions, and working methods change as they progress. One of the great features of a blog is the ability to go back to the archives and see what an author was saying one, two, sometimes five years ago.

If you were reading Hossein Derakhshan‘s English-language weblog five years ago, you’d find a wealth of posts about Iran’s fear of the blogosphere and online censorship practices. Derakhshan became prominent as an advocate of blogging for social change in Iran, writing a Persian-language guide to blogging, and was being discovered by academics, politicians and activists in North America and Europe as an advocate for free speech in repressive environments.

Fast-forward five years and you’ll be hard pressed to find criticism of Iran on Derakhshan’s weblog… despite the fact that Derakhshan had been a prominent suporter of reformist Mostafa Moeen in the 2005 Iranian presidential elections and a critic of current president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Most of Derakhshan’s current writing focuses on threats to Iran from US neoconservatives who have been suggesting the invasion of that country due to percieved threats to Israel, Iraq and the US.

Most recently, Derakhshan’s blog has focused on a defamation lawsuit brought by Mehdi Khalaji, an Iranian fellow at a US thinktank, the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. In a Persian-language blog post, Derakhshan criticized Khalaji for his work with a thinktank advised by some of the prominent authors of US policy in Iraq, and accused Khalaji of being “a traitor to his people and his country.” Khalaji responded with letters to Derakhshan’s webhost and domain name provider, demanding removal of the allegedly defamatory posts, and suing him for defamation in an Ontario court. Derakhshan’s ISP quickly caved, and he moved his posts to another server – the Ontario lawsuit is still pending. (My colleagues at the Citizen Media Law Project are maintaining a page tracking the case which has a careful and balanced description of the issues in the case.)

Even if the suit is dismissed, fighting it in Canadian court is likely to be very expensive and beyond Derakhshan’s means. And, as Don Butler noted in a recent article in the Ottawa Citizen, many of his old allies are unlikely to support him in his current fight. Some Iranians who oppose the Ahmedinejad government are put off by Derakhshan’s move from a stance critiquing Iran to one critiquing US foreign policy. Others found his high-profile trip to Israel in 2006 hard to understand. And some – including me – are put off by his critiques of human rights organizations like Reporters Without Borders.

I’m not in a position to argue the veracity of many of the criticisms of Derakhshan by Iranian bloggers – I don’t read Persian, and I don’t have all the facts. And I will happily admit that Derakhshan can be abrasive and difficult, and that I disagree with much of what he’s currently been writing about on his English blog. But that’s not a reason to ignore the legal harrassment he’s facing from Khalaji. One of the major functions of blogs, for better or for worse, is to allow people to express their opinions – positive and negative – about the people and institutions. This function is deeply undermined if it becomes common practice to seek sympathetic venues to launch libel suits when people are offended by how they’re characterized online. (Derakhshan was residing in Europe when the posts in question were posted; his webhost was in the US. It’s possible that the suit is being brought in Canada, where Derakshan previously resided, because it’s a venue more sympathetic to libel claims than the US.)

A few years ago, Derakhshan was widely considered a pioneer for free speech in Iran. While that may not be the best way to describe his current work, it would be a huge loss for free speech online if the suit by Khalaji goes through or if the costs of defending that suit drives Derakhshan offline. Derakhshan may have changed in the past five years, but the issues at stake in this case don’t ever change – freedom of speech applies even to speech we find offensive, and it’s important to defend all speech that’s under threat.


  1. Thanks for this – really interesting and from my point of view useful too. It’s area that we’ve been getting into here in the UK and BBC Radio 4 is about to look at blogging in Iran. For those who might be interested we’re speaking to Parastoo Dokoohaki – she’s been blogging both in English and Farsi for several years now. I’m aware she too has contributed to RSF but think it is worthwhile hearing what she has to say. More here:


    Comment by Rupert Allman — November 23, 2007 @ 4:06 pm

  2. I agree with your analysis on how Hoder has changed, that’s expected. As much as I’m annoyed with Hoder’s continuous talk about his “father of Iranian blogs” status, I also understand his focus on the threat of the neocons, because it would be a catastrophe if Iran is attacked (and every Iranian sees how Iraq ended up), and the threat is real. The Washington Inst. for near east policy is known as an extension of the Isreali lobby in Washington (founded by former executive of AIPAC) so they aren’t exactly advocates for free speech.

    Luckily, the Iranian blogsphere is one of the biggest and it’s much more diverse than when first Hoder started blogging; some campaign for free speech and others chant “death to America”, this diversity should be embraced.

    Comment by Abdurahman — November 25, 2007 @ 5:36 am

  3. […] asked me to blog about his libel case. I don’t have much to say about it, other than what Ethan Zuckerman has already said: I’m not in a position to argue the veracity of many of the criticisms of […]

    Pingback by cyrusfarivar.com » Blog Archive » Hossein’s libel case — December 9, 2007 @ 9:44 pm

  4. […] pretty strong political stances, and has apparently made attacks against many people who perhaps at one time considered him as a friend, or at least an […]

    Pingback by cyrusfarivar.com » Blog Archive » » Was Hossein Derakhshan really arrested in Tehran? — November 18, 2008 @ 5:54 pm

  5. […] company eventually canceled his account. Ethan Zuckerman, who has long experience with Hossein, defended him on principle, but had to admit “that Derakhshan can be abrasive and […]

    Pingback by The Skeptic الشكاك » Where’s Hoder? — November 22, 2008 @ 2:38 am

  6. […] on Iran, and worried that his online writing gave support and comfort to anti-Iranian forces. The tone of his blog changed markedly, and he began telling friends of plans to return to Iran, and his fear that he’d face arrest […]

    Pingback by …My heart’s in Accra » When the Times reports rumors — July 23, 2009 @ 3:49 pm

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.

Powered by WordPress